Legend of the person – Bauyrzhan Momyshuly

Momyshuly was born on the 24th of December in 1910, in Mynbulak (Мыңбұлақ) ,a abandoned hometown in the modern Zhualy District of oblast Taraz in the southern Kazakhstan. His grandfather was Imash, who died in 1911 at the age of 92. His father Momysh, who read the Cyrillic alphabet by himself, the open source person at that time.
$emsp;At the same time his father was a carpenter and a shoemaker famous to the country. Grandfather Imash gave the all services to his son when he was old. His grandmother’s name was Qiztumas and relatives called she "yellow kempir" (Сары кемпір) when she was old age. The occurrence of the world B.Momyshuly the origin of mankind, the development of life, live enveloping, educational, teaching these great legends and fairy tales will hear from his grandfather Qıztumas. Go to the early death of his mother, Razia, Bauyrzhan grow his grandmother’s hand at the age of 3.
$emsp;In 1921, he entered the boarding school Asa in Aulieata Since 1924, Bauyrzhan replaced to study by a seven-year school in the city of Shymkent, here Bauyrzhan study with school Abdilda Tazhibayev and Kurmanbek Sagindikov.
$emsp;In 1928, graduated from high school, entered the Kazakh Pedagogical Institute in the city of Orenburg. Becouse of his social status his training related.
$emsp;During the years of 1928-1930 worked as a rural teacher. Afterwards young talented industrious Bauyrzhan received the post of secretary at the district executive committee, and later the post of chief of police.
$emsp;In 1932 Bauyrzhan Momyshuly was drafted into the Kyzyl Armiya (Red Army) forces. Upon completion of his service Bauyrzhan worked in banking sphere and proved to be a promising financier. However, he was destined to be a warrior. In 1936 having accomplished the courses at Leningrad Financial Academy he returned to military service. He commanded a troop and squadron, assistant to the regimental headquarters executive officer. In 1941 he became instructor of Kazakh military commissariat. In the years of the Great Civil War Bauyrzhan expended efforts to form the 316th rifle division which under his command fought many battles and accomplished feats. Bauyrzhan proved to be a talented commander and perfect strategist. His name became a legend.
$emsp;In 1936, the newly created section called platoon commander. At this point, the company will be the assistant to the chief of staff of the commander of the regiment. In 1939, his father Momysh died.


During World War II

(1941-1945 INTERVAL)

$emsp; $emsp;In September 1941, the division was sent to the front in Malaya Vishera, at the vicinity of Leningrad. During October, as the Wehrmacht advanced on Moscow, the 316th - now part of General Konstantin Rokossovsky's 16th Army - was transferred to the theater and tasked with defending the highway passing through the city of Volokolamsk and the surrounding area. Momyshuly's battalion was assigned an eight-kilometer-long sector along the Ruza River; Senior Lieutenant Momyshuly took part in 27 engagements during the defense of the Soviet capital. From the 16th to the 18th of November, he and his unit were cut off from the rest of the division in the village of Matryonino, yet managed to hold off the German forces and eventually broke out back to their lines. For its performances, the 316th was awarded the status of a Guards formation on 23 November, and named the Panfilov 8th Guards Rifle Division in honor of its fallen commander, who was killed in action on 18 November. In late November, Momyshuly was promoted to the rank of captain.
$emsp;Momyshuly participated in the Soviet counter-offensive and was severely wounded on 5 December, though he declined to be evacuated to receive treatment.
$emsp;In March 1942, war correspondent Alexander Bek arrived in the 8th Guards Division. During the spring of that year, Bek convinced Momyshuly, who was reluctant at first, to cooperate with him in writing a novel about the fighting in Volokolamsk, which would eventually be published in 1944 under the title Volokolamsk Highway. Momyshuly strongly disapproved of Bek's book, which he claimed to be an unrealistic depiction of events, and criticized the author relentlessly for the remainder of his life.
$emsp;In April 1942, his commanding officer approved his promotion to the rank of major. In August 1942, his superiors had submitted a highly positive report on his conduct, and he was recommended to be awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. The proposal was rejected. The poet Mikhail Isinaliev, a friend of Momyshuly, wrote that a former political officer from the 8th Guards told him that this was due to his Kazakh patriotism, which was regarded as dangerous nationalism by the unit's commissars. Momyshuly joined the Communist Party during the same year. In October, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. After eight months, he became a colonel.
$emsp;During 1943, due to the effects of his old injury, he was forced to rest in a hospital for a prolonged period. After being released from the hospital in March 1944, he underwent an advanced officers' course in the Voroshilov Academy. On 21 January 1945, Colonel Baurzhan Momyshuly was appointed as the commander of the 9th Guards Rifle Division, a unit of the 2nd Rifle Corps in the 1st Baltic Front's 6th Army. The 9th participated in the East Prussian Offensive, taking fifteen towns near the city of Priekule. After the war ended, Momyshuly was awarded the Order of Lenin.


Post-war years

$emsp; $emsp;In 1946, Momyshuly entered the Voroshilov Academy again. On 16 June 1948, the Kazakh SSR's Council of Ministers appointed him as chief of the republic's Voluntary Society for Cooperation with the Armed Forces, while he still served in the military. In late 1948, he became deputy commander of the 49th Independent Infantry Brigade in the East Siberian Military District. From 1950, he served as a senior lecturer in the Red Army's Military Academy of Logistics and Transport. According to Myrzakhmetov, he was the only one of the 500 officers who graduated with him to never receive the rank of a General; the author claimed this was due to a political decision to deny Turkic people a high status in the Soviet Armed Forces.


Visit to Cuba

$emsp; $emsp;In 1962 B.Momyshuly visit to Cuba at the invitation of Fidel Castro. During the visit, he didn’t meet the Cuban President Fidel Castro, but impressed by the man he met his younger brother Raul Castro, and he gave lectures to the military. He writes the book "Cuba effects" about his trip to Cuba. B.Momyshuly is a exemplar person for Fidel Castro and Ernesto Che Guevara .
$emsp;In 1963, the Cuban government repeatedly call came from a 10-day visit.
$emsp;In 1982, he died in Almaty on June 10 at the age of 71, and murded in "Kensay" cemetery.


Bauyrzhan’s 27 special tactics during the War

$emsp; $emsp;Young warrior B.Momyshuly break the bottom of the box and went wide stretch five times in the War in Moscow, went into the fight from a total of 207 times, he had 27 special tactics during the War. The commander Momyshuly excellent strategist, who can be combined the great tactician skilled with psychology.
$emsp;Soviet troops in January-February 1942 battles 8 Guards Division, distinguished soldiers of the regiment, led by B.Momyshuly. Division two months ahead 500-600 kilometers to the west of fascists massacred thousands of soldiers and officers, destroyed a lot of equipment.
$emsp;During the years of the war B.Momyshuly awe-inspiring not only the brutal military leader, as well as he has become an educator for soldiers and officers with his intelligent and competent.
$emsp;On December 12, 1990, the Guards colonel Baurzhan Momyshuly given the high rank of the Hero of the Soviet Union on the birth of 80. B.Momyshuly has a word that "Justice always wins, it will not delay", the word become a reality and the country's desire came ture.


Creativition of B.Momyshuly

$emsp;All the people remember that the sacred words of Bauyrzhan Momyshuly about ordinary soldiers. B.Momyshuly writes in Kazakh and Russian languages, and that based on what they learn in the works seen in his life.
$emsp;B.Momyshuly wrote a lot of poems which called "partner" and "writer", "army chief", "someone", "To Omarbek", "grief wall", " To F", "Heroine of the native language", "friend", "Saga" and others. n 1952-1956, his the first book published like "the officer's Diary", "History of the night", "our family".


Books

• Moscow Behind Us ( « Москва үшін шайқас»)
• Our General, Ivan Panfilov («Генерал Панфилов »)
• One Night's Tale («Бір күндік әңгіме»)
• Our Family ( «Ұшқан ұя» 1974 жыл)
• The Officer's Diary («Жауынгер күнделігі»
) • Psychology of War: Part 1 («Соғыс психологиясы: 1- бөлім»)
• Psychology of War: Part 2 («Соғыс психологиясы: 2- бөлім »)
• Meetings in Cuba («Кубадағы кездесу»)

Awards

During the War

• The "Red Banner" Order on June 6, 1942;
• The medal of "For the Defense of Moscow" on June 6, 1944; • The Order of in the first category "World War II", "Badge of Honor", and "Red Star" was awarded to Bauyrzhan Momyshuly 2 times on July 1, 1945;

After the War

• In 1970, the "Red Banner" Order "Badge of Honor" medal;
• December 11, 1990 decree of the President of the USSR "the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union" was given to Bauyrzhan Momyshuly because of his great courage and heroism in the war of 1941-1945.(medal №11637).
• In 2000, was recognized as the "Man of the Century".

About Bauyrzhan Momyshuly

• In 1967 "For Moscow ". Director: M. Begalin, played the role: Kauken Kenzhetaev;
• In 2010 – Kazakh’s Bauyrzhan (documentary) film. Director: Khalila Omarov;
• In 2013 - B. Momyshuly (TV series) Director: Akan Satayev;
• “Truth and myth” – author: Azilkhan Nurshaiykov;
• Volokolamsk Highway - author: Alexander Beck;
• “Climbing to Father”- author: Bakytzhan Momyshuly;
• “The name of the Father”- author: B. Momyshuly;
• “Sunny days” - author: Zeynep Ahmetova;

Interesting facts

$emsp;Only two Kazakh joined the war during the years of the Great Patriotic War. The first B. Momyshuly, the second Abylkhair Baimuldin.
$emsp;Currently, there is a Fame Museum opened for Bauyrzhan’s heroes and heroism during the Great Patriotic War, Hero of the Soviet Union, the great commander in the Republican "Young Guards" School in Almaty. There are well-known entities, the pictures from the photo-procedures, autographs of the Republic of Kazakhstan and foreign countries. Also presented the souvenirs to the school, etc.
$emsp;He is very brave, truth-spirited, fearless people. The great Kazakh hero have a word from the heart: "I am loving my own nations and respect others nation". Our "young Guards" School students always want to keep a special memory of his this great word.

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